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Cambridge CARES runs two research programmes, both of which address aspects of carbon reduction and energy efficiency in industry.

Our main programme is C4T, which started in 2013 when Cambridge CARES opened. This is a collaborative effort involving researchers from University of Cambridge, Nanyang Technological University and National University of Singapore.

In January 2018, we welcomed researchers from University of California, Berkeley, to work on our first Intra-CREATE project, eCO₂EP.

A list of our research publications can be found at:



The C4T team in Singapore represents a dynamic partnership between some of the world-leading scientists and engineers at the University of Cambridge, Nanyang Technological University, and the National University of Singapore.

C4T answers the question of how to positively contribute to Singapore’s ratification of the Paris Agreement on climate change while ensuring the country’s progress and prowess in economic, technological, environmental and social dimensions. C4T Phase 2, which began in November 2018, systematically investigates the raw materials, processes and products of the local chemical industry and investigates technologies to lower the carbon footprint of this major pillar of Singapore’s economy. The Phase 2 programme is designed to leverage the skilled human resource, cutting-edge scientific research and the vibrant enterprise demonstrated in Phase 1.

Phase 2 will undertake research in six key areas known as Integrated Research Projects:

IRP 1: Sustainable reaction engineering for carbon neutral industry

IRP 2: Electrosynthetic pathways for advanced low-carbon chemical manufacturing

IRP 3: Combustion for cleaner fuels and better catalysts

IRP 4: Better, cleaner heat usage

IRP BB: Better business – pathways to industrial decarbonisation

IRP JPS: The J-Park Simulator

Phase 2 sits at the heart of Singapore’s global research and development hub and paves the way for a prosperous, energy-efficient, low-emission eco-city. The scientific techniques, the technologies, the toolkits and most importantly the learning gained through the programme will help assess the techno-economic role of both current (commercial) and novel (R&D stage) technology routes in decarbonising the chemicals and energy sector, whilst simultaneously enriching the talent pool in Singapore by training the next generation of scientists and engineers, supplemented with international expertise and an innovation-driven entrepreneurial ecosystem.



eCO₂EP is a three-year programme that brings together researchers from the University of Cambridge, the University of California, Berkeley, the National University of Singapore (NUS) and Nanyang Technological University (NTU) to develop ways of transforming carbon dioxide (CO₂) emitted as part of the industrial process into compounds that are useful in the chemical industry supply chain.

Singapore’s National Research Foundation has approved funding of S$5m (£2.8m) for the eCO₂EP project within the Intra-CREATE programme. eCO₂EP is co-led by Prof. Alexei Lapkin, from Cambridge’s Centre for Advanced Research and Education in Singapore (CARES Ltd), and Prof. Joel Ager, from the Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore (BEARS Ltd).

The aim of the eCO₂EP project is to produce a “table-top chemical factory” that uses electrochemical processes to convert CO₂ into ethylene or to 1-propanol – two molecular products widely used in the chemical industry. Earlier research carried out at CREATE has demonstrated that CO₂ molecules can be transformed into hydrocarbons through the application of electricity. Intra-CREATE’s research will, among other things, study the viability of large-scale CO₂ reduction processes, including the use of off-peak renewable electricity in areas with excess capacity. The project will allow the exploration of a new energy-chemistry solution for a more sustainable future.

                              Download the CARES C4T Factsheet


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Tel: +65 6601 5445

Where to Find Us
1 Create Way
CREATE Tower, #05-05
Singapore 138602